Social Media Fake News: Many fake news websites create stories solely to share false or misleading information through social media platforms, such as Facebook. Many of these stories rely on "outrage" to generate likes, shares, and clicks (which leads to profits for them). Be wary of any social media news post that creates an immediate, strong reaction.
Fake News: Unfortunately, there are many websites that purposefully circulate misleading and false information. Sometimes this is done to push political views, but often it's to generate revenue through clicks, shares, and heavy advertisements.
Click Bait: You won't believe how unreliable these sites are! Don't click on click bait - all they care about is revenue. These is why many click bait sites require you to click through pages and pages before revealing the "big twist" (if there even is one).
Satire: Satire can be a source of humorous political and social commentary, but can sometimes be mistaken for truth. A good example of a satire website that is regularly mistaken for real news is The Onion.
One way to avoid filter bubbles is to use an anonymous and private search engine that does not track you or your results. Using private browsing does not prevent tracking. The leading private search engine is
The Miseducation of Dylann Roof
How Google filter bubble helped Dylann Roof go from being someone who was not raised in a racist home to someone so steeped in white supremacist propaganda that he murdered nine African Americans during a Bible study.
Eli Pariser - Beware Online "Filter Bubbles"
Learn more how your filter bubble, including your search history, social media pages, and friends lists, affect what you see online:
Compare a liberal filter bubble and a conservative bubble at
Blue Feed, Red Feed from the Wall Street Journal!
How big of a problem are filter bubbles? In a 2018 study, 76 people Googled the same search terms at the same time to very different results:
Measuring the "Filter Bubble": How Google is influencing what you click - https://spreadprivacy.com/google-filter-bubble-study/