"All responses to Census Bureau surveys and censuses are confidential and protected under Title 13 of the U.S. Code. Under this law, the Census Bureau is required to keep respondent information confidential. We will never share a respondent's personal information with immigration enforcement agencies. like ICE; law enforcement agencies, like the FBI or police; or allow it to be used to determine their eligibility for government benefits.
The results from any census or survey are reported in statistical format only. Individual records from the decennial censuses are, by law (Title 44, U.S. Code), confidential for 72 years." - From page 3 of the 2020 Census complete Count Committee Guide, U.S. Census Bureau.
See also the Supreme Court's opinion on the citizenship question: DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ET AL. v. NEW YORK
Be aware of scammers who may attempt to get your information by pretending to be representatives from the Census Bureau. The Census Bureau will never text or email you, nor will they ask you to provide a donation, financial information (credit card number, blank check, bank account/routing numbers, etc.), or a social security number.
For the first time, the Census Bureau will promote online response as the preferred method. The Census Bureau's mailing list will include an ID code for the householder (that is, the person responding for each household) to enter when they respond online in order to identify their address. However, if respondents don't have an ID code, they can enter their home address instead.
For many people, the online response option will make it easier and more convenient to respond. However, other people may prefer not to respond online, such as those with limited internet proficiency or who lack reliable internet access. If people have trouble with the online system or don't want to respond online, they can call Census Questionnaire Assistance for help or to respond by phone, also using the same unique ID number or giving their home address in the absence of one.
Household Relationship Question
For the first time, the 2020 Census offers a way for the person filling out the form to indicate a same-sex relationship with another household member. This change (see Figure 1) is expected to improve national statistics on same-sex couples.
Almost all households will receive an invitation letter in the mail with instructions for responding to the census online. The invitation will include a unique identification code called a Census ID or User ID. Using the Census ID helps the Bureau keep track of responses and prevent duplication. However, the Census ID is not required in order to respond online or by telephone. If respondents don’t have their Census ID handy, they can use their address instead
As required by the Census Act, the U.S. Census Bureau submitted a list of questions to Congress on March 29, 2018. Based on those questions, the 2020 Census will ask:
The Census Will Never Ask Certain Questions
The Census Bureau will never ask you for:
If someone claiming to be from the Census Bureau asks you for one of these things, you may be the target or victim of a scam. For more information, visit Avoiding Fraud and Scams.
If you live in a DORM:
The Census Bureau classifies college dorms as "group quarters." They will contact the university to get information about those living in the dorms separately. You will not fill out the census! If you have a permanent address other than the dorms (like your parents' house), make sure the people at that address DO NOT count you on their form.
If you live OFF CAMPUS (in an apartment, etc.):
You'll fill out your own census form! If you live with roommates or other people, select one person to be your "house holder" and have them fill out the form. You should sit with them as they fill out the form to make sure the information they give about you is accurate! If you have a permanent address other than the dorms (like your parents' house), make sure the people at that address DO NOT count you on their form.
If you live WITH FAMILY (commuter students):
Make sure you or someone in your family fills out the form and includes you!